Belgrade is one of the oldest European cities, whose history has lasted for more than 7000 years. During its and tumultuous history, Belgrade has been conquered by 40 armies, and 38 times it has been raised up from the ashes. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers. Today it is the capital of Serbia, with the population of about 1.6 million.
In the field of traffic and transport, it is a city of the highest importance as a road and railway center, as a port for river and air traffic, and as a telecommunication center. Important economic and agricultural capacities are developed in Belgrade, especially metallurgy, metal-working industry and electronic industry, then commerce and banking.
Belgrade is the seat of Serbian culture, education and science. It has the greatest concentration of institutions of national importance in the field of science and art. There is the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, established in 1886 as the Serbian Royal Academy; the National Library of Serbia, established in 1832; the National Museum, established in 1841 and the National Theatre, established in 1869. The city is also the seat of Belgrade University, founded in 1808 as the Great School, and the seat of the University of Art (not to mention many private universities and colleges).
The most important works of architecture, such as Kalemegdan with Belgrade fortress, monuments and other immovable cultural properties of the Serbian people are located mostly in Belgrade. Various archaeological sites with material remains testify that culture and civilization have been developing in Belgrade area since prehistory.